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  • Rivers


    There are more than 12.400 rivers in Latvia and only 17 of them have length more than 100 km. The longest rivers are Gauja (452 km) and Daugava (it flows only 352 km in Latvia, but the total length is 1005 km). Major Latvian rivers are the largest spawning ground for salmon in the eastern Baltics.
    • Geography
  • Lakes


    There are more than 2.256 lakes in Latvia and only 16 of them are bigger than 10 sq. km. The biggest one is Lubāns (80,7 sq. km), the deepest one - Drīdzis (65,1 m). Ežezers has the biggest amount of islands (more than 35 islands).
    • Geography
  • Swamps


    About 10% of Latvia territory consists of peat bogs, swamps, and marshes. 70% percent of the mires are untouched by civilization, and they are a refuge for many rare species of plants and animals.
    • Geography
  • Hills


    Most of Latvia's territory is less than 100 m above sea level. The highest landscape point in Latvia is the hill named Gaiziņkalns (311,5 m). It is situated a short distance to the west of the town of Madona, central Vidzeme.
    • Geography
  • Forests


    Around 45% of Latvia territory is covered by forests. It is the 5th highest proportion of land covered by forests in the European Union (after Sweden, Finland, Estonia and Slovenia). Forests are the outstanding feature of Latvia. More than half of woodlands are pine woods.
    • Geography
  • Area of Latvia

    The area of Latvia is 64.589 sq. km. Latvia is larger than many European countries: Albania, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Montenegro, Netherlands, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland.Latvia's extension from north to south is 210 km and from west to east 450 km.
    • Geography
  • Natural Resources

    Latvia doesn't have valuable natural resources. Nevertheless Latvia has the abundant amount of peat, dolomite, high-quality clay and limestone.
    • Geography
  • Location and Borders

    Latvia is a country in the Baltic region of Northern Europe, one of the three Baltic states.The total length of Latvia's boundary is 1.877,9 km. The total length of its land boundary is 1379,9 km. The total length of its maritime boundary is 498 km.
    • Geography
  • Fauna


    Latvia has populations of black storks, lesser spotted eagles, otters, beaver, lynx, and wolves. There are also great concentrations of deer (red deer and roe deer), wild boar, elk, moose and red fox.
    • Geography
  • Protected Territory

    Nationally protected areas account for 12.790 sq.km or around 20% of Latvia's total land area.There are 706 specially state-level protected natural areas in Latvia: 4 national parks, 1 biosphere reserve, 42 nature parks, 9 areas of protected landscapes, 260 nature reserves, 7 protected marine areas and etc.
    • Geography
    • Landmarks
  • Neighbors

    Latvia neighbors are Lithuania on the south (588 km of common border), Estonia on the north (343 km), Russia on the east (276 km), and Belarus on the southeast (172,9 km). Also Latvia has a maritime boundary with Sweden, Estonia and Lithuania.
    • Geography
  • Plains


    About 27% of the total territory is cultivable, with the central Zemgale Plain south of Riga being the most fertile and profitable.Approximately 200 farms, occupying 2.750 ha, are engaged in ecologically pure farming (using no artificial fertilizers or pesticides).
    • Geography
  • Light Industry

    Local wood is also an important resource for the pulp and paper industry and for specialized plywood and furniture manufacturers.
    • Economics
  • Railways

    Latvian Railways is the main state-owned railyway company in Latvia. Its daughter companies both carry out passengers services as well as carry a large quantity of freight cargo.
    • Economics
  • Air Port

    Riga International Airport is the busiest airport in the Baltic states, carrying around 5 million passengers annually. It has direct flight to over 80 destinations in 30 countries. airBaltic is the Latvian flag carrier airline and a low-cost carrier.
    • Economics
  • Power Supply

    Latvia has 3 big hydroelectric power stations: Pļaviņu HES (825 MW), Rīgas HES (402 MW) and Ķeguma HES-2 (192 MW). In the recent years a couple of dozen of wind farms as well as biogas or biomass power stations of different scale have been built in Latvia.
    • Economics
  • Gas Storage Facility

    Latvia operates Inčukalns underground gas storage facility, one of the largest underground gas storage facilities in Europe and the only one in the Baltic states. Unique geological conditions at Inčukalns and other locations in Latvia are particularly suitable for underground gas storage.
    • Economics
  • Currency


    It used the Latvian lats as its currency until it was replaced by the euro on 1 January 2014. According to statistics in late 2013, 45% of the population supported the introduction of the euro. Following the introduction of the Euro, Eurobarometer surveys in January 2014 showed support for the Euro to be around 53%, close to the European average.
    • Economics
  • GDP

    Latvia's GDP in 2015 was - 24,8 billion €. The most important part of Latvia’s GDP, around 70%, is comprised by the services sector. The transit sector is one of the strongest industrial sectors in Latvia. The share of the manufacturing industries is 12% of GDP, other industry - 4%, trade and accomodiation - 16%, transport and logistics - 10%, construction - 6%, agriculture - 3%, public services - 15%, other commercial services - 33%..
    • Economics
  • Ports


    There are 3 biggest ports in Latvia: Rīga, Liepāja and Ventspils.Port of Rīga is the oldest one, but ports of Liepāja and Ventspils provide important warm-water harbors for the Baltic coast. The Port of Ventspils is the busiest port in the Baltic states.
    • Economics
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